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Traditional farming is an ancient method of agriculture that has been practiced since the earliest times. Through the years, technology has improved and modern technology have been introduced to farming, making it more efficient and efficient. Despite modern farming practices being widely used but a handful of methods of traditional farming methods are still in use and are gaining popularity. The inputs produced in the manufacturing industry aren't needed when it comes to traditional agricultural practices. Over time these methods have enabled farmers provide ecological and social services to humanity. The traditional way of life of agriculture has been instrumental to preserve biodiversity, improving food security, and protecting the natural resources of the planet.
Agroforestry is among the oldest methods of farming which has been in use since the beginning of time. It is the process of the planting and maintenance of trees that protect crop by creating the microclimate. It is a system of management of land use, in which trees are planted around crop. This technique of forestry is beneficial in regulating temperatures, the exposure to sunlight and wind, as well as rain. The combination of agriculture and forestry has numerous benefits. Through this technique we can obtain a variety of items like timber, food and firewood, among others. Food staples that can't be produced in other ways can be produced.
Other benefits of this system include earning an income for farmers, increasing soil's soil structure, and quality as well as reducing soil erosion. conserving carbon and carbon. This type of system is most often found on African regions, Europe in the European Union and United States. Agroforestry is also able to help restore soil fertility through the use of nitrogen and fixing plants , such as legumes. This has resulted in increased production, diversification of the ecosystem and crops.
Agroforestry does not only have advantages for the environment, but it can also boost productivity in both economic and social aspects. With all the benefits it remains a well-known farming method.
The concept of crop rotation was conceived by the world's most renowned ecologicalist Dr. Vandana Shiva. The practice of cultivating different kinds of crops in the same soil in accordance with the seasons is known as crop rotation. It offers a variety of benefits. It aids in maintaining the soil's productivity, decreasing pests, and minimizing the use of chemicals, increasing yields, while reducing the dependence on a single set of nutrients and also reducing the development of plants. The first time the rotation was made using two field systems which increased to four fields. The interrelation of crops is dependent on the way it is able to contribute to soil and produces hybrid offspring as well as interbreeding with other crops management methods that manage the erosion of soil and influences the surrounding ecosystem in general.
Two crops simultaneously is called Intercropping or mixed cropping. Most of the time, resources are not efficiently utilized by one crop. Therefore, in order to get more yield from an area of land, intercropping is employed. There are a variety of methods for intercropping.
Intercropping is different from crop rotation. Crop rotation is when various crops are cultivated in one season, whereas intercropping, various kinds of crops are grown over an orderly series of seasons. Intercropping aids in the creation of biodiversity which helps improve the management of pests. It also assists in the fumigation of the soil by increasing its organic matter and limiting the growth of weeds. Thus, Intercropping is an indigenous practice which is based on old practices, which are popular even in the present.
Poly culture is a technique that allows the cultivation of many diverse species within the same space. It enhances the diversity of plants and assists in promoting variety of diets local communities. It is capable of adapting to climate variations and the extreme climate conditions. The different kinds of polyculture are cover cropping, permaculture and integrated aquaculture.
The primary benefit of polyculture is its capability to control the spread of weeds, pests and diseases without the use of chemicals. Monoculture is the opposite of polyculture which is a most sustainable form that agriculture. It aids in reducing soil erosion as well as increasing yields that are stable. It increases the soil's quality. This is why polyculture as the most traditional method remains widely used today in all parts of the globe due to its the environment with health benefits and also environmental advantages.
Method of collecting and store rainwater to be used later on for purposes in agriculture is called 'water harvesting'. It is taken from a roof surface or stored in a deep pits inside a well. In monsoon the water is gathered from rivers or streams that is then used by farmers during periods of dryness or limited rainfall. To improve the sustainability of production of food and farm security, new techniques are being developed for the harvesting of water.
Rain water harvesting is among of the oldest techniques that can be used for domestic and residential uses. It assists in reducing the demand on wells as wells are able to carry water. It is utilized in irrigation of plants, livestock as well as other uses for domestic use. It is also used in hospitals, schools and other institutions that are funded by corporations or government agencies. It is cost-effective since it doesn't use a high-costing method.
These are five methods of traditional farming that play an important role in sustainable farming throughout the globe. The traditional methods aid in the development of ecological systems as well as local biodiversity. Innovative methods are being developed, and utilizing these techniques, there are many benefits that are visible not only for farmers but also for the environmental system. The quality of food and soil is improved. This knowledge preservation is extremely useful both in rural and urban regions. These are five methods of traditional farming that are still in use due to the many benefits they provide.
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